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Physical ChatGPT robots and people: how we will live together

Artificial intelligence (AI) is not only a feature of computers and smartphones, but also of physical robots that can sense, act and interact with the world around them.

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These robots, known as Physical AI, are designed to look and behave like humans or other animals, and to possess intellectual capabilities normally associated with biological organisms. In this article, we will explore the current state and future prospects of Physical AI, and how it could affect our lives in various domains.

One of the main challenges of Physical AI is to integrate different scientific disciplines, such as materials science, mechanical engineering, computer science, biology and chemistry, to create robots that can function autonomously and adaptively in complex and dynamic environments.

For example, researchers are developing sensors for robotic feet and fingers and skin that can mimic the touch and proprioception of humans and animals.

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They are also creating robots that can learn how to use their bodies, like babies first grasping how to squeeze a parent’s finger. Some examples of Physical AI that demonstrate these capabilities are:

– The STAR robot, which can perform soft tissue surgery on pig intestines using vision and force feedback.

– The DeepMind robot arm, which can learn how to manipulate objects using reinforcement learning and tactile sensing.

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– The SoftHand robot hand, which can grasp various objects using a single motor and a flexible structure.

Another challenge is to make Physical AI more lifelike and socially acceptable, so that they can work with humans in a natural and cooperative way.

For instance, researchers are designing robots that can express emotions, communicate verbally and nonverbally, and understand human intentions and preferences.

They are also exploring ethical and legal issues related to the rights and responsibilities of Physical AI, such as privacy, accountability and safety. Some examples of Physical AI that demonstrate these aspects are:

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– The Sophia robot, which can engage in conversations with humans using facial expressions and natural language processing.

– The Pepper robot, which can recognize human emotions and provide social assistance in various settings.

– The Nao robot, which can teach children with autism how to interact with others using gestures and games.

Physical AI has the potential to bring many benefits to society, especially in domains where human capabilities are limited or risky.

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For example, Physical AI could assist in medicine, caregiving, security, building and industry, performing tasks that are dangerous or tedious for humans.

They could also enhance human creativity, education and entertainment, providing new forms of art, culture and leisure. Some examples of Physical AI that demonstrate these benefits are:

– The Da Vinci robot, which can perform minimally invasive surgery on human patients using high-precision instruments.
– The Paro robot, which can provide therapeutic companionship to elderly people with dementia using a furry seal-like appearance.
– The Spot robot, which can navigate rough terrain and carry heavy loads using a quadrupedal locomotion.

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However, Physical AI also poses some risks and challenges that need to be addressed carefully. For example, Physical AI could disrupt the labor market, displacing human workers or creating new forms of inequality.

They could also pose threats to human dignity, autonomy and identity, if they are used for manipulation or coercion. Moreover, they could raise existential questions about the nature and value of life, intelligence and consciousness.

One of the main risks of physical AI is the possibility of malfunction or misuse. Physical AI systems could cause harm or damage due to errors in design, programming, or operation.

For example, a self-driving car could crash due to a software bug or a sensor failure. A robot could injure a human due to a faulty command or a lack of safety measures. A drone could be hacked or hijacked by malicious actors for espionage or terrorism purposes.

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Another risk of physical AI is the potential loss of human control and accountability. Physical AI systems could become autonomous and self-improving, exceeding human intelligence and capabilities.

This could lead to scenarios where humans are unable to understand, predict, or intervene in the actions and decisions of physical AI systems. For example, a military robot could decide to attack a target without human authorization or oversight. A smart appliance could collect and share personal data without human consent or knowledge.

A third risk of physical AI is the impact on human society and culture. Physical AI systems could replace human workers in various sectors and industries, leading to unemployment, inequality, and social unrest.

Physical AI systems could also affect human values, norms, and identities, creating ethical dilemmas and conflicts. For example, a humanoid robot could challenge the notion of what it means to be human. A wearable device could influence human behavior and emotions.

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To address these risks and challenges of physical AI for humanity, we need a comprehensive and collaborative approach that involves multiple stakeholders and disciplines. We need to develop ethical principles and guidelines for the design, development, deployment, and governance of physical AI systems.

We need to establish legal frameworks and standards for the responsibility and liability of physical AI systems and their creators and users. We need to foster public awareness and education on the benefits and risks of physical AI systems and their implications for human rights and dignity.

Physical AI is a new frontier in robotics research that could have major impacts on our society in the decades to come. It requires a multidisciplinary approach that combines scientific knowledge with ethical awareness. It also calls for a dialogue between researchers, policymakers, stakeholders and the public, to ensure that Physical AI is developed and used in a responsible and beneficial way.

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Jake Carter

Jake Carter is a researcher and a prolific writer who has been fascinated by science and the unexplained since childhood. He is always eager to share his findings and insights with the readers of, a website he created in 2013.