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NASA discovered a “Super Earth” in the habitable zone of a distant star

NASA astronomers have discovered an unusual planet 137 light years away. Exoplanet TOI-715 b, known as “Super-Earth,” is 1.5 times larger than Earth and orbits in the habitable zone around a red star. The planet may have conditions favorable for life.

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Experts plan to conduct more research into its characteristics and atmosphere in order to determine whether TOI-715 b is a potentially habitable companion planet.

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), which was launched six years ago, play an important role in exoplanet research.

TOI-715 b was discovered by an international team of scientists who used multiple ground-based telescopes to pinpoint its characteristics.

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The study results showed that TOI-715 b’s orbit has a short rotation period of just 19 days, equivalent to one “year” by Earth standards. It also turns out that one side of the planet always faces its star, which can cause significant temperature fluctuations between the day and night sides.

Moreover, it is believed that another Earth-like planet may exist in the same system . NASA says the planet may be the smallest planet discovered by TESS in the habitable zone and, along with other planets in the zone, will be the subject of more detailed study using the JWST telescope.

“Planet TOI-175 b joins the list of habitable-zone planets that could be more closely scrutinized by the Webb telescope, perhaps even for signs of an atmosphere,” the space agency wrote.

“Much will depend on the planet’s other properties, including how massive it is and whether it can be classed as a ‘water world’ – making its atmosphere, if present, more prominent and far less difficult to detect than that of a more massive, denser and drier world, likely to hold its lower-profile atmosphere closer to the surface.”

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Jake Carter

Jake Carter is a researcher and a prolific writer who has been fascinated by science and the unexplained since childhood. He is always eager to share his findings and insights with the readers of anomalien.com, a website he created in 2013.