They mysteriously appear overnight. Strange shapes known as crop circles have mystified people for years. Who makes them, where are they, and what is their purpose?
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What are Crop Circles?
Crop circles are geometric patterns ranging from simple to complex and in most cases, they suddenly appear in grain fields overnight. Although popularized in recent years, accounts of crop circles date back to the 1600s.
In addition, some cryptologists believe that crop circle patterns appear in prehistoric wall carvings.
Crop Circle Locations
Crop circles have been found all over the world including the United States, Japan, Russia, and Australia.
However, crop circles appear more in the British Isles than anywhere else in the world with the majority of them located near ancient sites like the stone circles of Avebury and Stonehenge.
Some researchers hypothesize that these ancient structures were built in honor of the circles.
Crop Circle Hoaxers Doug Bower and Dave Chorley
Some crop circles are known hoaxes which have been created by people using wooden planks. Two of the most famous hoaxers are Doug Bower and Dave Chorley. According to Bower and Chorley, beginning in 1978, the pair spent thirteen years creating more than 200 circles in the Hampshire area of Great Britain.
However, the question arises whether Bower and Chorley are really hoaxers or is the hoax on the public? When questioned by crop circle researcher Colin Andrews, the two were unable to answer important questions posed to them.
In addition, when duplicating their circle making skills for the media, the circle they produced did not resemble the crop circles they claim to have made in the past. According to researcher George Wingfield, “Photographs clearly show that this was nothing like a genuine crop formation.”
After being threatened with lawsuits by angry farmers, Bower and Chorley retracted their claims and admitted to only making about a dozen of the circles.
Crop Circle Theories and Explanations
Different theories and explanations exist as to how crop circles are formed. A theory by Dr. Terence Meaden is the Plasma Vortex Theory. This is when wind currents are separated, then rejoined, causing a whirlwind effect.
Another theory is that low-frequency radio waves combine with charged particles that bounce off the Van Allen belt in the upper atmosphere and return to Earth in set trajectories.
Proponents of Mother Earth have established a so-called Gaia hypothesis, in which the Earth herself is creating these as a warning that people need to take better care of the planet.
Additional theories include military experimentation, subterranean gas, electromagnetism, and underground archaeological digs. Of course, one of the most popular theories of all is that crop circles are created by inhabitants of UFOs.
UFOs and Crop Circles
Due to the swirling patterns and precise geometric shapes, many researchers believe that the circles are being created by an advanced race of beings. Some eyewitnesses claim to have seen crop circles form in about 20 seconds.
This has been collaborated by researcher Pat Delgado. In addition, flashing lights, luminous balls, and humming sounds have occurred at the time a circle was formed.
Could extraterrestrials be trying to communicate with the human race? If so, what did the configurations mean? For now, that remains an unanswered question.
Although some crop circles have turned out to be hoaxes, others seem to defy explanation. Many possible theories exist, but, for UFO enthusiasts, they offer evidence that UFOs and alien lifeforms exist.